The Ghost pepper – The Ultimate Pepper Guide

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Ghost pepper, also known as Bhut Jolokia, is a type of chili pepper that is known for its extreme heat. It is often considered one of the hottest peppers in the world and has become popular among chili enthusiasts and spicy food lovers. The ghost pepper is widely used in traditional cuisine in several parts of India, but it has now gained global recognition for its intense spiciness and flavor.

History and Origin

Ghost pepper originated in Northeast India, specifically in the states of Assam, Nagaland, and Manipur. It was traditionally used in Indian cuisine as a spice and for medicinal purposes. In 2007, the ghost pepper gained international attention after an Indian farmer claimed that it was the world’s hottest pepper. At that time, it surpassed the previous record holder, the Red Savina Habanero, which had a heat rating of 577,000 Scoville units. However, since then, several other peppers, such as the Carolina Reaper and the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, have surpassed the heat level of the ghost pepper.


The ghost pepper has a unique appearance, with a wrinkled, thin, and waxy skin. It is typically medium to large in size and has a tapered shape, with a pointed tip. The mature pepper usually measures around 2 to 3 inches in length and 1 to 1.5 inches in diameter. The color of the ghost pepper varies from green to red, depending on its level of maturity.

Heat Level (Scoville Scale)

The heat level of the ghost pepper is measured in Scoville units. The Scoville scale is a measurement of the spicy heat of chili peppers or other spicy foods. The ghost pepper has a Scoville rating of around 1,000,000 to 1,500,000 units. This makes it one of the hottest peppers in the world, though it has been surpassed by other peppers in recent years.

Culinary uses

The ghost pepper is commonly used in traditional Indian cuisine, particularly in the Northeast region of the country. It is used in curries, chutneys, and pickles to provide a hot and spicy flavor. In recent years, it has gained popularity in the West, particularly among chili enthusiasts and those who enjoy spicy foods.

The ghost pepper can be used in a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, and sauces. It can also be used to add heat to salsas, marinades, and rubs for meat and seafood. Keep in mind that the ghost pepper is extremely hot, so it is recommended to use it sparingly, particularly if you are not accustomed to spicy foods.

In summary, the ghost pepper is an extremely hot chili pepper that originated in Northeast India. It has a unique appearance and is widely used in traditional Indian cuisine. The ghost pepper is also used in the West and has gained popularity among chili enthusiasts and fans of spicy foods. Despite its extreme heat, it can be used in a variety of dishes to add flavor and spice.

For further information on the different varieties of peppers and their uses, visit

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