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Alphabet (Google)

Marketcap Sector Stock Symbol
$1,695.38 B Tech GOOG
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United States

Company Profile: Alphabet (Google)

Introduction to Alphabet (Google)

Alphabet is one of the world’s largest technology companies, known for its wide range of products and services that include search engines, online advertising technologies, cloud computing, software, and hardware. The company was initially founded as Google in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. In 2015, the company reorganized and formed a new holding company called Alphabet Inc., which became the parent company of Google and several other businesses. Alphabet is headquartered in Mountain View, California, and has offices and operations in various countries around the world.

History of Alphabet (Google)

Alphabet (Google) is a company with a rich history that dates back to its founding in 1998. Both Larry Page and Sergey Brin, who were students at Stanford University at the time, started working on a search engine called BackRub. Later, they renamed the project as Google, which was a play on the mathematical term “googol.” This name reflected the founders’ mission to organize a seemingly infinite amount of information on the web.

Google quickly gained popularity due to its simple and efficient search engine, which revolutionized the way people accessed information on the internet. As the company expanded its services and offerings, it became a household name and essential part of the daily lives of people around the world.

Over the years, Google has continued to innovate and diversify its businesses. In 2004, the company went public with an initial public offering that raised over $1.67 billion, making it one of the largest technology IPOs at the time. The success of the IPO solidified Google’s position as a leading technology company and fueled its growth and expansion into new markets.

In 2015, Google underwent a major restructuring and formed a new holding company called Alphabet Inc. This reorganization aimed to separate Google’s core businesses, such as the search engine, advertising, and related products, from its other ventures and “moonshot” projects. This restructuring allowed the company to streamline its operations, provide greater transparency to investors, and pursue new opportunities with different subsidiaries under Alphabet.

Founders of Alphabet (Google)

The founders of Google, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, are renowned entrepreneurs and computer scientists who have played a pivotal role in shaping the modern internet and technology landscape.

Larry Page, born on March 26, 1973, in East Lansing, Michigan, studied computer engineering at Stanford University, where he met Sergey Brin. Page is credited with developing Google’s page ranking algorithm, which revolutionized internet search and became a cornerstone of Google’s success. Page also served as Google’s CEO from 1998 to 2001 and then again from 2011 to 2015. In 2015, Page became the CEO of Alphabet Inc., overseeing the company’s diverse portfolio of businesses and initiatives.

Sergey Brin, born on August 21, 1973, in Moscow, Russia, moved to the United States at an early age and later studied computer science at Stanford University. Brin co-founded Google with Larry Page and contributed to the development of the search engine’s algorithms and infrastructure. Brin also served as the president of Alphabet Inc. until December 3, 2019.

Together, Page and Brin have been instrumental in guiding Google and Alphabet’s growth and success, with their innovative vision, leadership, and commitment to advancing technology and making information more accessible to people worldwide.

Headquarters of Alphabet (Google)

Alphabet’s global headquarters is located in Mountain View, California, in the heart of Silicon Valley. The company’s main campus, known as the Googleplex, spans over 3.5 million square feet and houses offices, research labs, recreational facilities, and a wide array of amenities for its employees. The Googleplex is an iconic symbol of the company’s innovative and collaborative work culture, featuring vibrant architecture, unique workspaces, and various leisure and fitness facilities.

In addition to its headquarters in Mountain View, Alphabet (Google) has a significant presence in various locations across the United States and around the world. The company has numerous offices, research centers, and data centers in cities such as New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Seattle, and internationally in countries like the United Kingdom, Canada, India, and Singapore. These locations serve as key hubs for Google’s operations, supporting its global workforce and serving as centers for innovation, product development, and business expansion.

Overall, Alphabet’s headquarters and global presence reflect the company’s commitment to driving innovation and advancing technology on a global scale, while also contributing to local economies and communities in various regions.


Alphabet Inc. is the parent company of Google and several other businesses that fall under its umbrella. Founded in 2015, Alphabet was created as a way to restructure Google’s various interests and initiatives, allowing the company to better focus on its main operations. Under the Alphabet umbrella, Google operates as a subsidiary, with the company’s co-founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, serving as CEO and President, respectively.

Alphabet’s operations cover a wide range of industries, including internet services, technology, and innovation. The company’s main focus is on improving internet access and developing new technologies that can enhance the lives of people around the world.


Google, Alphabet’s most well-known subsidiary, is at the forefront of Alphabet’s operations. The company is a global leader in internet-related services and products, including search engine advertising, cloud computing, software, and hardware. Google’s mission is to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful.

Google operates in virtually every country in the world, serving billions of users each day. The company’s search engine is the most widely used globally, and its suite of productivity tools, such as Gmail, Google Drive, and Google Docs, are essential for individuals and businesses. Google’s Android operating system is the most widely used mobile operating system, and the company’s hardware products, including the Pixel smartphones and Nest smart home devices, are highly regarded in the tech industry.

Other Bets

Aside from Google, Alphabet’s operations include a number of other businesses and initiatives that fall under the “Other Bets” category. These include companies such as Waymo, a self-driving car technology company; Verily, a life sciences research organization; and DeepMind, an artificial intelligence company.

Alphabet’s Other Bets also include businesses focused on internet access, such as Loon, which uses balloons to provide internet service to remote areas, and Wing, which develops drone delivery technology. These initiatives are aimed at addressing some of society’s most pressing challenges while also offering potential for future growth and innovation.


Alphabet’s products and services are as diverse as its operations, encompassing a wide range of internet-related technologies and innovations. Google’s products are some of the most widely used and recognized in the world, while Alphabet’s Other Bets represent the company’s efforts to tackle emerging technologies and societal issues.

Google Search and Advertising

Google’s search engine is its most well-known and widely used product, serving billions of users daily. The company’s search algorithms are constantly being refined to provide users with the most relevant and accurate results. Google’s advertising platform, which includes the AdWords and AdSense programs, is also a key revenue stream for the company, enabling businesses to promote their products and services to a global audience.

Google Cloud Platform

Google’s cloud computing services, known as the Google Cloud Platform, provide businesses with access to a range of infrastructure, platform, and application services. These services include cloud storage, compute resources, and machine learning capabilities, empowering businesses to leverage Google’s extensive technical expertise without having to invest in their own infrastructure.

Android and Hardware

Google’s Android operating system is the most widely used mobile operating system in the world, powering billions of smartphones and tablets. The company also produces a range of hardware products, including the Pixel smartphones, Nest smart home devices, and the Chromecast streaming media player.

Other Bets

Alphabet’s Other Bets include a range of products and services that are aimed at addressing various societal challenges and technological opportunities. Waymo, for example, is developing self-driving car technology that could revolutionize transportation, while Verily is focused on using technology to better understand and improve human health.

Relevance in the Field

Alphabet’s relevance in the tech industry is undeniable, with Google being one of the most influential and powerful companies in the world. The company’s products and services are used by billions of people daily, while its investments in emerging technologies and societal challenges position it as a leader in innovation and progress.

Google’s Dominance

Google’s dominance in search and advertising is unparalleled, with the company’s search engine being the most widely used and trusted in the world. Google’s advertising platform is also a key driver of revenue, enabling businesses to connect with potential customers on a global scale.

Google’s Android operating system is the most widely used mobile platform, with billions of devices running the software. This dominance in the mobile space gives Google a significant presence in the consumer technology market and a platform for delivering its products and services to users around the world.

Investments in Emerging Technologies

Alphabet’s Other Bets represent the company’s commitment to investing in emerging technologies and societal challenges. Waymo’s self-driving car technology, for example, has the potential to revolutionize transportation and urban planning, while Verily’s work in life sciences could lead to breakthroughs in healthcare and disease prevention.

Commitment to Innovation

Alphabet’s commitment to innovation is evident in the company’s extensive research and development efforts. Google’s focus on machine learning and artificial intelligence, for example, has led to significant advancements in areas such as natural language processing, image recognition, and robotics.


Alphabet’s position in the tech industry, driven by its subsidiaries such as Google, is one of influence, innovation, and potential for continued growth and relevance. The company’s products and services are integral to the daily lives of billions of people, and its investments in emerging technologies and societal challenges are indicative of its commitment to progress and positive change.

Alphabet’s dominance in search, advertising, and mobile technology is unparalleled, giving the company a significant influence in the global tech industry. Its commitment to innovation and investment in emerging technologies position it as a leader in the field, with the potential for continued relevance and impact in the years to come.

Key Details

Name Alphabet Inc.
Founded 2015
# of Employees 139,995
Sector Technology
Main Products Google search, advertising, cloud platform, Android, hardware
Revenue $182.5 billion (2020)
Headquarters Mountain View, California, United States
Countries Operating globally
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